What is Health?         

                Health is the complete state of physical mental spiritual and social well being not merely the absence of diseases. If a person mentally stable and well perform his routine work and also socially active. He is healthy. All over the world, people have different opinions and definitions of being healthy.

What is a disease?

                  A disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury. A disorder in which person doesn’t perform routine activities or work.


What is diabetes?

                     Diabetes is a number of diseases that involve problems with the hormone insulin. Normally, the pancreas (an organ behind the stomach) releases insulin to help your body store and use the sugar and fat from the food you eat. Insulin helps the transfer of blood sugar to cell for further metabolism and energy. When insulin is not enough, blood sugars increases and this will lead to excessive urination and thirst. On the other hand, body utilize stored fats and glycogens that are causes weakness.
Diabetes can occur when the pancreas produces very little or no insulin, or when the body does not respond appropriately to insulin. As yet, there is no cure. People with diabetes need to manage their disease to stay healthy.

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What is a pre-diabetic condition?

                          Pre-diabetes describes a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal, although not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes has no signs or symptoms. People with pre-diabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular (heart and circulation) disease. They are more prone to diabetic complications.

                        Pre-diabetes describes a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal, although not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes has no signs or symptoms. People with pre-diabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular (heart and circulation) disease. They are more prone to diabetic complications.

  • Without sustained lifestyle changes, including healthy eating,
  • increased activity and losing weight,
  • approximately one in three people with pre-diabetes will go on to develop type 2 diabetes.
    There are two pre-diabetes conditions:

There are two pre-diabetes conditions:

  • Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is where blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
  • Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is where blood glucose levels are escalated in the fasting state but not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
  • It is possible to have both Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) and Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT).

What are Types of diabetes.

There are main two types of Diabetes.

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Type 1 diabetes

                 Type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and kills the beta cells of the pancreas. No, or very little, insulin is released into the body. As a result, sugar builds up in the blood instead of being used as energy.

Percentage of type 1

  • About five to 10 percent of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes generally develops in childhood or adolescence but can develop in adulthood.
  • Type 1 diabetes is always treated with insulin.
  • Meal planning also helps with keeping blood sugar at the right levels.
  • Type 1 diabetes also includes latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA), the term used to describe the small number of people with apparent type 2 diabetes who appear to have immune-mediated loss of pancreatic beta cells.

Type 2 diabetes

               Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body can’t properly use the insulin that is released (called insulin insensitivity) or does not make enough insulin. As a result, sugar builds up in the blood instead of being used as energy.

Percentage of type 2

  • About 90 percent of people with diabetes has type 2 diabetes.
  • Type 2 diabetes more often develops in adults, but children can be affected.
  • Depending on the severity of type 2 diabetes, it may be managed through physical activity and meal planning, or may also require medications and/or insulin to control blood sugar more effectively.

               The third type of diabetes, gestational diabetes, is a temporary condition that occurs during pregnancy. It affects approximately two to four percent of all pregnancies (in the non-Aboriginal population) and involves an increased risk of developing diabetes for both mother and child.