Diet for people with diabetes with hypertension?
Hypertension also called as the chronic increase in blood pressure that leads to further complications. Diabetic patients have 30-40 % chances to develop hypertension. Diabetes with hypertension will lead to chronic kidney failure and other complications.Sometimes hypertension may lead toward diabetes. There should be proper diet and nutrition for diabetics as well as hypertensive patients because of further complications.
Medical, nutritional therapy
Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is important in preventing diabetes, managing existing diabetes, and preventing, or at least slowing, the rate of development of diabetes complications. It is, therefore, important at all levels of diabetes prevention.
The goal of these recommendations is to make people with diabetes and healthcare providers aware of beneficial nutrition interventions. This requires the use of the best available scientific evidence while taking into account treatment goals, strategies to attain such goals, and changes individuals with diabetes are willing and able to make. Achieving nutrition-related goals requires a coordinated team effort that includes the person with diabetes and involves him or her in the decision-making process.
It is recommended that a registered dietitian, knowledgeable and skilled in nutritional therapy, be the team member who plays the leading role in providing nutrition care.
However, it is important that all team members, including physicians and nurses, be knowledgeable about nutritional therapy and support its implementation. This will prevent the patient from further complications.
Tips for the diet plan
No use of sodium more than 15, 00 milligrams. Because salts are the primary cause of hypertension. Try to prepare the meal at home because ready-made foodstuff may also have high sodium content.
Avoid highly salted foods such as
- Bacon, ham and smoked meats.
- Salted and dry roasted nuts.
- Salt fish and smoked fish.
- Soy sauce.
- Gravy grams.
- Try to avoid them.
Set time for your meal around the clock.
Get the habit of the balanced diet and set time for lunch and dinner. This will prevent you from hypotension and hypertension. Ultimate results control your blood sugar within range.
A portion of the diet:
Most important factor in nutritional therapy is the portion of food stuff.
Fill half your plate with fruits and vegetables. A quarter gets lean protein like baked fish, beans, or chicken. The last quarter holds grains, preferably whole, like brown rice.
You’ll still need to count carbohydrates and make sure you’re not getting too much sodium.
Coffee and tea:
Limit your coffee and tea intake. Because it will increases your blood pressure. 200 milligram or more than amount will increase your blood pressure.
Whole grains and seed fruits.
- Whole grains are rich in vitamins and minerals, plus contain fiber, which keeps you full and helps regular blood sugar. Aim for three to five servings of grains each day, and make at least half of those servings’ whole grains.
- Try swapping white rice or pasta for amaranth, barley, bulgur, or quinoa.
- “Many whole grains now come presoaked or pre-cooked to make preparation quick.
Get for Banana:
- Bananas are an excellent source of potassium. So are cantaloupe, broccoli, raw carrots, lentils, potatoes, whole wheat bread, bran flakes, and nuts.
- “Potassium naturally reduces the effects of sodium, helping to control blood pressure.
- If you have kidney problems, too much potassium can make them worse, so ask your doctor if you need to limit how much you get.
Limit alcoholism and stay hydrated.
- Use plenty of water.
- Beer, wine, and most cocktail mixers contain sugar and will cause your blood glucose to rise, as well as your blood pressure and triglycerides.
- Alcohol also stimulates your appetite and can cause you to overeat.
- Men should limit themselves to two drinks per day, and women to one.
- One drink is a 12-ounce beer, 5 ounces of wine, or a 1-ounce shot of liquor.
A portion of fats:
- Be aware of fats.
- Avoid Trans fats the partially hydrogenated oils found in fried foods and baked goods.
- Limit saturated fats, which are mostly found in fatty cuts of meat and whole-fat dairy products.
- Both of these unhealthy fats are linked to increased cholesterol, which contributes to heart disease.
Recommendations for weight loose:
- In overweight and obese insulin-resistant individuals, modest weight loss has been shown to improve insulin resistance. Thus, weight loss is recommended for all such persons who have or are at risk for diabetes.
- For weight loss, either low-carbohydrate or low-fat calorie-restricted diets may be effective in the short-term (up to 1 year).
- For patients on low-carbohydrate diets, monitor lipid profiles, renal function, and protein intake (in those with nephropathy), and adjust hypoglycemic therapy as needed.
- Physical activity and behavior modification are important components of weight loss programs and are most helpful in maintenance of weight loss.
- Weight loss medications may be considered in the treatment of overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes and can help achieve a 5–10% weight loss when combined with lifestyle modification.
- Bariatric surgery may be considered for some persons with type 2 diabetes and BMI ≥35 kg/m2 and can result in marked improvements in glycemia. The long-term benefits and risks of bariatric surgery in individuals with pre-diabetes or diabetes continue to be studied.