What is depression?

When feelings of intense sadness, including feeling helpless, hopeless, and worthless last for many days to weeks and keep you away from functioning normally, your depression may be something more than sadness. It may very well be clinical depression is a treatable medical condition.

Relationship between depression and diabetes?

People usually have depression may develop diabetes. And a diabetic person may have 30% chance to develop depression.

How people develop diabetes (have already in depression)?

People have depression and anxiety lead to poor lifestyle and bad eating habits. Poor diet may develop diabetes mellitus. Women are more prone to develop diabetes as compared men.

Specifically, women who were depressed were 17% more likely to develop diabetes even after the researchers adjusted for other risk factors such as weight and lack of regular exercise.

Those women who were taking antidepressants were 25% more likely to develop diabetes than their counterparts who were not depressed.

Stress Associated Diabetes.

Long term stress may develop resistance to insulin against blood sugar. Thus it will cause diabetes mellitus.

 How Depression occurs because of diabetes?

The rigors of managing diabetes can be stressful and lead to symptoms of depression.

Diabetes can cause complications and health problems that may worsen symptoms of depression.

Other studies suggest that higher sugar level may develop depression because of small change in nerve cells.

Management of diabetes and depression together:

  • Diabetes self–management programs. Diabetes programs that focus on behavior have managed to help people improve their metabolic control, increase fitness levels, and maintain weight loss and other cardiovascular disease risk factors. They can also contribute to improving your sense of well-being and quality of life. Thus less chance to develop depression.
  • Similarly, participants in psychotherapy, particularly cognitive behavioral therapy, have reported improvements in depression, which has resulted in better diabetes management.
  • Medications and lifestyle changes. Medications for both diabetes and depression and lifestyle changes, including different types of therapy coupled with regular exercise, can improve both conditions.
  • Collaborative care. New research shows that treatment supervised by a nurse case manager that steps up therapy when helps needed to improve both depression and diabetes.
  • This type of care may not be available in most health care systems.
  • If you have diabetes, watch for signs and symptoms of depression, such as loss of interest in usual activities, feelings of sadness or hopelessness, and unexplained physical problems like back pain or headaches, etc.
  • Avoid excessive drug abuse.
  • Avoid alcoholism. Because alcohol consumption leads to, nerve cells degeneration. Thus it will increase the chance of depression.
  • Glycemic control: poor glycemic control will lead you toward complications. And also depression.
  • Monitor your blood glucose frequently and prevent you from hypoglycemia as well as hyperglycemia.
  • Limit coffee or tea. It triggers anxiety and depression.
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for depression. At the heart of CBT is an assumption that a person’s mood is directly related to his or her patterns of thought. Negative, dysfunctional thinking affects a person’s mood, sense of self, behavior, and even physical state.

Women:

  • Diabetes can be especially hard on women. The burden of diabetes on women is unique because the disease can affect both mothers and their unborn children.

 Seniors:

  • Living with diabetes as you get older presents some unique challenges, but we’re here to help.
  • Transplantation:
  • Know your options concerning kidney, pancreas, and islet cell transplant.

Diet management in depression and diabetes:

  • Although there’s no way to stop free radicals ultimately, you can lessen their destructive effect by eating foods rich in antioxidants, including:
  • Beta-carotene: apricots, broccoli, cantaloupe, carrots, collards, peaches, pumpkin, spinach, sweet potato
  • Vitamin C: blueberries, broccoli, grapefruit, kiwi, oranges, peppers, potatoes, strawberries, tomato
  • Vitamin E: margarine, nuts and seeds, vegetable oils, wheat germ.
  • Carbohydrates are linked to the mood-boosting brain chemical, serotonin. Experts aren’t sure, but crab cravings sometimes may be related to low serotonin activity.
  • Protein-enriched food: Foods like turkey, tuna, and chicken have an amino acid called tryptophan, which may help you make serotonin.
  • Try to eat something with protein several times a day, especially when you need to clear your mind and boost your energy.

Diet management in depression

Choose selenium-enriched food:

  • Beans and legumes
  • Lean meat (lean pork and beef, skinless chicken and turkey)
  • Low-fat dairy products
  • Nuts and seeds (particularly Brazil nuts – but no more than one or two a day because of their high selenium content)
  • Seafood (oysters, clams, sardines, crab, saltwater fish, and freshwater fish)
  • Whole grains (whole-grain pasta, brown rice, oatmeal, etc.

Choose Omega three fatty acid:

  • Good sources of omega-3s, including alpha-linolenic acid, are:
  • Fatty fish (anchovy, mackerel, salmon, sardines, shad, and tuna)
  • Canola and soybean oils.
  • Nuts, especially walnuts.
  • Dark green, leafy vegetables.

Exercise:

  • Regular exercise probably helps ease depression in some ways, which may include: Releasing feel-good brain chemicals that may ease depression (neurotransmitters, endorphins, and endocannabinoids)
  • Reducing immune system chemicals that can worsen depression.